Neurontin is an antiepileptic/anticonvulsant medication that needs to be taken with other drugs to control and prevent seizures. Doctors also prescribe Neurontin for patients who are suffering from nerve pain caused by shingles or the herpes virus, as well as individuals with diabetic neuropathy or restless legs syndrome. The medication is available in 100mg, 300mg, 400mg, 600mg and 800mg oral capsules.

How It Works

Neurontin works to prevent and control seizures and alleviate certain types of nerve pain by stabilizing the brain’s electrical activity. The main active ingredient is gabapentin, which is frequently prescribed for epilepsy patients. Neurontin binds to the calcium channels in the nerve cells located in the spinal cord and brain, which releases neurotransmitters.

Benefits of Neurontin

  • Prevents and controls seizures
  • Alleviates nerve pain caused by herpes virus and shingles
  • Treats restless legs syndrome
  • Alleviates diabetic neuropathy
  • May prevent migraines

Taking Neurontin

You can choose to take Neurontin capsules with or without food, but be sure to follow the exact dosage indicated in your prescription. It is recommended to evenly space out your daily doses. Try not to miss a dose, because doing so may trigger a seizure in some individuals. In addition, do not stop taking Neurontin without talking to your doctor. This can cause various side effects or a worsening of nerve pain or seizures. Your doctor will usually gradually reduce your dosage.

Possible Side Effects

Taking Neurontin can cause the following possible side effects:

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Viral infections
  • Fever
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Appetite Changes
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Coordination/Speech Problems
  • Twitching
  • Itching, acne or skin rashes
  • Weight gain
  • Muscle, back or joint pain
  • Unstable moods

More serious but rare side effects include inflammation of the pancreas or liver, severe allergic skin reactions, breast enlargement, tinnitus, jaundice, hallucinations or acute kidney failure.